|Article by John Meads, 2005|
The Priory of Bradenstoke (Wilts) had property in Burton Latimer by 1222, including a mill called “Byggemull” (big mill?). A pre-1234 document at the National Archives records a grant of 40 shillings rent owed by Aubrey de Burtoun from the mill of Burtoun (Burton Latimer) but it is unclear to which of the two water mills these refer.
1. North Water Mill
In 1928 both T & J Wallis Ltd. and Whitworth Bros. were shown as millers at Burton Latimer but soon afterwards the mill was disused. About 1932 four South African Seventh Day Adventists, Scutton, Vermass, MacFarlane and Osborne set up the British and South Africa Cereal Company to market a product they called Weetabix and which they had been selling in
2. South Water MillAlso situated on the River Ise, the mill was just north of the junction of the roads from Burton Latimer and from Finedon to the A509 between Isham and Little Harrowden. Marked, together with nearby the windmill, as ‘Burton Mills’ on the 1867 Ordnance Survey map. In 1626 there was a settlement on the marriage of John Ekins and Mary Maydwell of the manor of Isham, farms and a water mill in Burton Latimer. Later, a covenant of 1639 to levy fine by way of mortgage by John Ekins and trustees to John Atkins on the manor of Isham and a water and a windmill in Burton Latimer. Both mills, with other property were conveyed from George Udny to Thomas Garratt in 1764 except that John Harpur had the fishery and right of fishing in the mill dam, mill tail etc. In the 1777 Militia List, Samuel and John Garratt are given as millers. Samuel Garratt insured his dwelling house and offices adjoining, with the water corn mill adjoining (but not communicating with) of stone, slated and thatched with utensils and stock for a total of £620. The following year it was Thomas Garratt who took out the insurance on the property but for a total of only £370. The mill continued to be known as Garratt’s Mill until shortly after 1842.
By 1847, H Walpole was at the mill to be succeeded by William Abbott who, in 1854, advertised for a youth “to take second place in a Water Mill.” A change of miller is indicated by a letter from J Walker of Burton Mill in 1863 about his right to fish in the Ise as a tenant to the Dolbens. Walker appeared in the directories until the end of the 1860s. James and Samuel Burr, farmers at Westfield Lodge, Finedon were corn millers at Burton Mill by 1874. The mill appears to have been bought by J L Wright, it was described as Minett & Wright’s Flour Mill on the 1881 census schedule and Wright was listed as a miller here in 1885. In 1891, Mr Wright offered the property for sale with a residence adjoining the mill together with yard and stables, however he continued to be shown as miller there until at least 1898. In 1911 there was a fire at H Boulton’s mill, near Finedon Station. This was caused by a spark from an engine situated outside the mill which supplied power when the water was low.
3. North Windmill
On the 1803 Inclosure map George Robinson is shown as its owner but, by the 1841 census, Moses Eady is recorded as living at the Windmill. In 1847, Whelan’s directory list M Eady and C Eady as millers at Burton Latimer. In 1852 a thunderstorm destroyed the sails of the windmill belonging to Moses Eady. The damage caused by the lightning was estimated at about £40. The following year, Mr J Eady of Burton Mill was advertising for a youth to work in a wind and steam mill. Mr M Eady is named as a miller in a directory for 1854. In 1865 Thomas Eady (Moses Eady's father and owner of the windmill) was involved in a court action to claim compensation from the Kettering, Thrapston & Huntingdon Railway Co. following the building of a nearby railway bridge (later to be known as Black Bridge) The procedings revealed the names of various tenants of the windmill as well as giving an insight into its workings.
In 1884, Mr Eady of ‘The Laurels’, Burton Latimer was advertising that the windmill he owned was to let. It is possible that William Thomas Seaton succeeded the Eadys at this windmill as in 1889 he was served with a receiving order and in 1891 was published his first and final dividend of 2s 7½d in the pound to his debtors. Subsequently, in 1890, Walter B Bell seems to have taken over the mill and was there in 1898 when wind power was abandoned and the milling done entirely by steam power. From an advertisement in ‘The Miller’ for August 1884, the windmill was built of brick and timber. It had three pairs of stones, a dressing machine and smut machines. It was bought by the Burton Ironstone Co. and demolished around the time of the First World War.
4. South Windmill
This windmill stood in the fields north-east of the back road to Finedon, about half a mile east of Burton Latimer south water mill. It was at the end of a lane starting from the road junction. A windmill is shown in this vicinity on Eyre’s 1779 map but some distance from the location given on Bryant’s 1826 map and the 1867 Ordnance Survey map where, together with the water mill it is marked ‘Burton Mills’. The 1803 Inclosure map indicates that at that time the windmill belonged to Thomas Garratt who owned the nearby water mill. Other owners listed in directories are Joshua Craven, miller and corn dealer in 1874, and